American Academy of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
GLOSSARY OF TERMS
Blepharoplasty Surgery of the eyelids where fat and excess skin, bags, pouches, wrinkles in the eye area are removed
“Botox” Botulinum Toxin Injected to temporarily relax facial muscles to eliminate wrinkles for three to six months
Cancer reconstruction Repair of facial cancer defects that have been created using the Mohs technique often utilize healthy adjacent skin flaps or skin grafts. Large facial cancers occasionally need to be repaired using free tissue transfer, ie skin, muscle, and/or bone from a different part of the body brought to fill the facial defect.
Cheek / Chin Augmentation Surgery where implants are placed in the cheeks or chin to improve bone structure and support sagging, soft tissues
Chemical Peels Resurfacing of the skin with an acid solution that peels the top layers and allows smoother, regenerated skin to emerge; an effective treatment for wrinkles caused by sun damage, mild scarring, and certain types of acne
Cleft lip repair Surgical correction of the cleft lip birth deformity. Typically, this procedure is performed around 3-6 months of age, and commonly involves repairing nostril asymmetry (tip rhinoplasty) as well as the lip deformity.
Cleft palate repair Surgical correction of the cleft palate birth defect. The procedure is usually perfomed around 9-12 months of age. In addition to repairing the cleft in the roof of the mouth, ear tubes are commonly placed during the procedure to help prevent ear infections.
Collagen Implant An injection of natural protein which raises skin tissue to smooth skin and make wrinkles and scars appear less visible
Dermabrasion A facial sanding technique used to treat deep scars and wrinkles, raised scar tissue, and some severe cases of cystic acne; top layers of skin are “sanded” off with a high-speed rotating brush or a diamond-coated wheel
Facial paralysis Surgery to improve the facial deformity caused by facial paralysis. Various methods are utilized with the goal of improving facial symmetry and restoring facial animation. Small weights are frequently placed in the upper eyelid to help prevent eye dryness.
Facial Reconstruction Surgery to repair or reconstruct facial features in victims of cancer, facial trauma and birth defects
Facial trauma reconstruction Correction of facial fractures and/or facial lacerations, commonly suffered during motor vehicle accidents, fights, domestic violence, athletic events, animal bites, etc….Traumatic facial fractures frequently involve the jawbone, cheekbone, the eye socket, or the brow and require realignment of the bone segments and fixation for proper healing. Traumatic facial lacerations can cause scarring, facial nerve damage, salivary duct transection, tear duct injury, or even loss of a body part (ear avulsion).
Filler Injections Most commonly collagen – a gel like substance derived from purified animal tissue, and fat – which is harvested from the patients thigh or abdomen and then injected to plump up facial areas or “fill” wrinkled areas (see also Botox)
Forehead Lift Surgery to minimize forehead lines and wrinkles, and to elevate brows to reduce lid drooping
Hair Replacement Surgery to redistribute hair to hide the appearance of hair loss
Laser Resurfacing /
Laserbrasion Surgery
Light beams vaporize top layers of the skin to lessen the appearance of wrinkles, scars, birthmarks or to generally resurface facial skin
Liposuction Surgery to reduce excess fatty deposits
Mentoplasty Surgery to balance a profile by enlarging, reducing or reshaping the chin
Microdermabrasion A mini-peeling with minimal risk of dyspigmentation or scarring that is achieved by projecting aluminum micro-crystals onto the skin (also referred as the “Power Peel,” “Euro Peel”, “Parisian Peel” and “Derma Peel”); safe for all skin types
Microtia repair Surgical correction of a congenital missing ear. An ear is created using a cartilaginous framework fashioned from rib cartilage (stage I), and subsequently refined by creation of an ear lobe (stage II), and creation of a crease behind the new ear (stage III).
Mini-Or Micro-Grafting A hair replacement technique where transplanted pieces of hair-bearing skin that are placed between the original “plugs” to refine the overall appearance
Orthognathic Surgery To alleviate problems with a patient’s “bite” or jaw alignment (performed in cooperation with a patient’s dentist, orthodontist or oral maxillofacial surgeon)
Otoplasty Surgery of the ear where protruding or deformed ears can be “pinned back” by reshaping the cartilage
Rhinoplasty Aesthetic surgery of the nose where cartilage and bone are reshaped and reconstructed; excess bone or cartilage may be removed
Rhytidectomy Facelift surgery where excess skin is removed and muscles are tightened
Scalp Flap Surgery A hair replacement method that involves rotating strips of hair-bearing scalp from the side and back of the head to the front and top; restores the hairline while maintaining normal hair density
Scalp Reduction Surgery Surgery to reduce the size of the bald area
Scar revision Surgery to camoflauge facial scars.
Scar Revision Surgery Procedures to help minimize visible facial scars
Septorhinoplasty A form of rhinoplasty that is performed to reconstruct the nasal passage or to relieve obstructions inside the nose to correct breathing problems; the obstruction is removed through internal incisions and the interior of the nose is restructured
Skin Resurfacing Removal of the outer layer of the skin using abrasion, chemicals or a laser, resulting in smoother and less wrinkled skin